Because widespread use of highly active antiretroviral therapy has made it possible for persons with HIV infection to live longer, the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS has shifted in several ways
Government Cancels Testing of HIV Vaccine, Roche to Suspend HIV Research, New TB Drug Resistance Test, Topical Estrogen Protects Men
On Thursday, July 17, plans to conduct a large-scale test of an experimental therapeutic AIDS vaccine were canceled, the latest setback following last year’s failed Merck AIDS vaccine trial (Russell S. San Francisco Chronicle. July 18, 2008).
In recent years, few breakthroughs in HIV prevention science have been realized. Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), involving the use of antiretrovirals just before a potentially risky sexual encounter, is an intriguing concept, although it’s not new.
The words HIV or AIDS do not appear in the title of this book, and at first glance, this book appears to be about something else. On the contrary, it is about HIV and much more.
The prevalence of Kaposi sarcoma (KS) in HIV-infected persons in the pre-HAART era has been reported to be as high as 20%. Although AIDS-associated KS has declined by more than 80% since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral regimens, KS remains an important malignancy in the HIV-infected population
HIV-Associated Nemaline Rod Myopathy: Role of Intravenous Immunoglobulin Therapy in Two Persons With HIV/AIDS
Nemaline rod myopathy is a rare human neuromuscular disorder defined by the presence of rod-shaped structures infiltrating muscle fibers.
A program that is gaining interest and momentum in some health care circles is so-called academic detailin
A 52-year-old woman presented with a 2-year history of progressive bilateral lower extremity edema and increasing pain. The patient complained of shortness of breath, productive cough, and rash on the upper extremities and torso for the past year.
Legionella species are among the leading causes of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in the general population, and although rare in patients with HIV infection, Legionella pneumonia is associated with significant morbidity and mortality
Last month I reviewed key findings in HIV that were published within a 2-month interval near the end of 2007. I have extended that review here, reporting highlights of research announced in the last few weeks of 2007.
Female Condom Redesign, UN AIDS Denies Inflating Cases, Four-Drug Antiretroviral Regimen Eases Mother-Infant HIV Dilemma
Public health experts once held high hopes that the female condom would give women worldwide the ability to protect themselves from sexually transmitted diseases.
Lichen myxedematosus, or papular mucinosis, is a skin disorder characterized by accumulation of mucin in the dermis. We present the case of a patient with HIV infection and lichen myxedematosus whose skin condition completely resolved with antiretroviral therapy. [AIDS Reader. 2007;17:418-420]
HIV care, with its relatively frequent patient visits, laboratory monitoring, and referrals to outside consultants, generates a significant amount of paper very quickly.
An Unusual Cause of Mastoiditis That Evolved Into Multiple Ring-Enhancing Intracerebral Lesions in a Person With HIV Infection
Acute mastoiditis, an infectious inflammatory process in the temporal bone, is an uncommon complication of otitis medi
We evaluated admissions of HIV-positive persons to an inner-city hospital from 2000 to 2005. There was a decline in the number of substance abusers, homeless persons, injection drug abusers, and African Americans, and there was an increase in patients older than 50 years.