Depression is common among HIV-positive patients, and clearly affects adherence. Treating depression improves adherence, but is also justified in its own right as improperly treated depression can be as devastating as inadequately treated AIDS.
HIV-positive status no longer equates with emaciation. In fact, if anything, patients are more likely to be over- than under-weight, and this can affect the success of their treatments. Here, some guidance for clinicians on how to address the issue.
(AUDIO) The past year has been revolutionary for HIV-positive patients, both in medical care and in policy. And more is in store for the coming year, according to Dr. Michael Horberg of Kaiser Permanente. Listen as the immediate past president of the HIV Medicine Association briefly reviews events of 2013 and forecasts 2014.
Antimicrobials delivered in the products already used during sexual activity show great promise for protecting particularly vulnerable individuals against transmission of HIV.
About one-third of HIV-infection individuals show abnormal kidney function, particularly African-Americans. The watchword of prevention and treatment is screening and early, effective use of antiretroviral therapy.
Insurers are looking to trim costs by reducing readmissions. For patients with HIV, and their providers, this may lead to some unanticipated consequences. Here are some suggestions for reducing the risk.
About a third of HIV-positive patients have high blood pressure. Is this a predictable consequence of ordinary aging, or do their history of HIV infection and treatment play a role? Whatever the explanation, many of these patients don't take the problem seriously enough.
New recommendations for healthcare professionals change signals on how to avoid catching HIV from exposure to infected body fluids. There are changes in the recommended treatment and duration of followup.
(AUDIO) Now that guidelines mandate testing all adults for HIV status, what are the best ways to convey the results of this important but often sensitive test? Listen as the co-director of Emory University's Center for AIDS Research offers insights for effective communication on this topic.
HIV infections are increasing most rapidly among Americans over age 65. Yet the CDC doesn't recommend routine screening in this age group, many older people are unaware of their HIV-positive status, and studies show that they may benefit more than younger patients from antiretroviral therapy.
(AUDIO) HIV-positive status is hardly a death sentence today, yet too many patients in the US do not complete the continuum of care from diagnosis to completion of antiretroviral therapy. AIDS specialist Katerina Chrstopoulos MD examines the barriers along the cascade of care, and suggests solutions.
A randomized study of such a web-based app called “Life-Steps,” coupled with modules for stress reduction and mood management, suggests it may help HIV-infected people stay on their antiretrovirals.
Besides the AIDS-related cancers such as Kaposi's sarcoma, HIV-positive patients are now surviving long enough to face the age-related increased risk of cancer that affects everyone else. How do they fare, compared to the non-HIV-infected population?
Neurological manifestations of HIV are at least as common as they were before the introduction of HAART. The challenge is that they are milder, and more difficult to recognize. But early treatment is essential.
(AUDIO) Antiviral drugs have reduced intrauterine transmission of HIV dramatically. But what are the effects on the pregnancy itself? Here an infectious diseases expert discusses the risks and the benefits.